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English Summary - Wo sind die wichtigsten Infos

Frage: English Summary - Wo sind die wichtigsten Infos
(3 Antworten)

Beiträge 2

ich möchte gerne eine Summary über diesen Text geschrieben, nur tue ich mich sehr schwer, die wichtigsten Stellen zu finden mit denen ich die Summary schreiben.

ich bitte euch deswegen mir die wichtigsten Stellen zu nennen, damit ich dann eine Summary schreiben kann.
Danke im Voraus!

The Second Sex Michelle Conlin

The female lock on power at Lawrence is emblematic of a stunning gender reversal in American education. From kindergarten to graduate school, boys are fast becoming the second sex. "Girls are on a tear through the educational system," says Thomas G. Mortenson, a senior scholar at the Pell Institute for the Study of Opportunity in Higher Education in Washington. "In the past 30 years, nearly every inch of educational progress has gone to them."

Just a century ago, the president of Harvard University, Charles W. Eliot, refused to admit women because he feared they would waste the precious resources of his school. Today, across the country, it seems as if girls have built a kind of scholastic Roman Empire alongside boys` languishing Greece. Although Lawrence High has its share of boy superstars -- like this year`s valedictorian -- the gender takeover at some schools is nearly complete. "Every time I turn around, if something good is happening, there`s a female in charge," says Terrill O. Stammler, principal of Rising Sun High School in Rising Sun, Md. Boys are missing from nearly every leadership position, academic honors slot, and student-activity post at the school. Even Rising Sun`s girls` sports teams do better than the boys`.

At one exclusive private day school in the Midwest, administrators have even gone so far as to mandate that all awards and student-government positions be divvied equally between the sexes. "It`s not just that boys are falling behind girls," says William S. Pollock, author of Real Boys: Rescuing Our Sons from the Myths of Boyhood and a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. "It`s that boys themselves are falling behind their own functioning and doing worse than they did before."

It may still be a man`s world. But it is no longer, in any way, a boy`s. From his first days in school, an average boy is already developmentally two years behind the girls in reading and writing. Yet he`s often expected to learn the same things in the same way in the same amount of time. While every nerve in his body tells him to run, he has to sit still and listen for almost eight hours a day. Biologically, he needs about four recesses a day, but he`s lucky if he gets one, since some lawsuit-leery schools have banned them altogether. Hug a girl, and he could be labeled a "toucher" and swiftly suspended -- a result of what some say is an increasingly anti-boy culture that pathologizes their behavior.

If he falls behind, he`s apt to be shipped off to special ed, where he`ll find that more than 70% of his classmates are also boys. Squirm, clown, or interrupt, and he is four times as likely to be diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. That often leads to being forced to take Ritalin or risk being expelled, sent to special ed, or having parents accused of negligence. One study of public schools in Fairfax County, Va., found that more than 20% of upper-middle-class white boys were taking Ritalin-like drugs by fifth grade.

Once a boy makes it to freshman year of high school, he`s at greater risk of falling even further behind in grades, extracurricular activities, and advanced placement. Not even science and math remain his bastions. And while the girls are busy working on sweeping the honor roll at graduation, a boy is more likely to be bulking up in the weight room to enhance his steroid-fed Adonis complex, playing Grand Theft Auto: Vice City on his PlayStation2, or downloading rapper 50 Cent on his iPod. All the while, he`s 30% more likely to drop out, 85% more likely to commit murder, and four to six times more likely to kill himself, with boy suicides tripling since 1970. "We get a bad rap," says Steven Covington, a sophomore at Ottumwa High School in Ottumwa, Iowa. "Society says we can`t be trusted."

As for college -- well, let`s just say this: At least it`s easier for the guys who get there to find a date. For 350 years, men outnumbered women on college campuses. Now, in every state, every income bracket, every racial and ethnic group, and most industrialized Western nations, women reign, earning an average 57% of all BAs and 58% of all master`s degrees in the U.S. alone. There are 133 girls getting BAs for every 100 guys -- a number that`s projected to grow to 142 women per 100 men by 2010, according to the U.S. Education Dept. If current trends continue, demographers say, there will be 156 women per 100 men earning degrees by 2020.

Overall, more boys and girls are in college than a generation ago. But when adjusted for population growth, the percentage of boys entering college, master`s programs, and most doctoral programs -- except for PhDs in fields like engineering and computer science -- has mostly stalled out, whereas for women it has continued to rise across the board.

Still, it`s hardly as if the world has been equalized: Ninety percent of the world`s billionaires are men. Among the super rich, only one woman, Gap Inc. co-founder Doris F. Fisher, made, rather than inherited, her wealth. Men continue to dominate in the highest-paying jobs in such leading-edge industries as engineering, investment banking, and high tech -- the sectors that still power the economy and build the biggest fortunes. And women still face sizable obstacles in the pay gap, the glass ceiling, and the still-Sisyphean struggle to juggle work and child-rearing.
Frage von Lunya | am 22.11.2011 - 16:29

Beiträge 30
Antwort von nachteule8989 | 22.11.2011 - 16:41
1. Einleitung – hier sagst du, worum es sich in deinem Text handelt, also dass Thomas G. Mortenson das und das geschrieben hat

2. Hauptteil – spezifische und die wichtigsten Informationen, aus dem Ausgangstext, nur wichtigste Informationen über „boys“
3. Schlussteil – eine kurze Zusammenfassung des ganzen Textes und des letzten Teils. „Der Autor denkt dass….“ usw.

Beiträge 2
Antwort von Lunya | 22.11.2011 - 17:08
Ich weiß wie man eine Summary schreibt, aber ich weiß nicht was die wichtigsten Stellen im Text sind, damit ich eine Summary mit weniger als 200 Wörter schreiben kann.

Antwort von GAST | 24.11.2011 - 19:32
Ein Summary ist eine Abstraktionsleistung; ich kann dafür nicht einfach ein paar Wörter oder ausgesuchte Sätze aneinander reihen.

Mein Vorschlag: Der Artikel ist ja sehr gut in Abschnitte gegliedert.
Versuche für jeden Abschnitt eine Überschrift zu finden, die du gern in einem ganzen Satz formulieren kannst
Diese Sätze aneinander gereiht würden soich schon als summary eignen.

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